Al-Waalid (The Father), The Noble Shaykh Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Marzouq Al-Bannaa – hafidhahullahu ta’aalaa – says in his book “As-Siyaamu Junnah (Fasting Is A Safeguard/Protection)”.
Ibn Umar – ridhwaan Allahi alayhi – said: Allah’s Messenger – salallahu alayhi wa sallam – obligated Zakaatul-Fitr (Charity to the poor after the completion of the fast of Ramadhaan) as a Saa’an (Note: A measure which equals 4 mudds or 3 to 4 kilograms (approx.)) from Tamr (Dates), or Saa’an from Sha’eer (Barley), upon Al-Abd (The Slave), Al-Hurr (The Free Person), Adh-Dhakar (The Male) and Al-Unthaa (The Female); as well as As-Sagheer (The Small i.e. Child), and Al-Kabeer (The Big i.e. Elderly) from Al-Muslimoon (The Muslims). He – salallahu alayhi wa sallam – ordered that it be dispersed before An-Naas (The People) leave for As-Salaah (go to Salaatul-Eid).
Al-Allaamah Al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullahu ta’aalaa) said, and the statement of Ibn Umar (radhiyyallahu anhumaa), ((Allah’s Messenger obligated – salallahu alayhi wa sallam – )) proves that indeed it is an Fardh Ayn (an obligation upon all of the Muslims (male and female, young and old). (Al-Jaami’ Li Ahkaam, Fiqhus-Sunnah – by the Esteemed Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih Al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullahu ta’aalaa).
Shaykh Uthaymeen contiues by saying, and the foundation in regards to it being Fardhul-Ayn: That it is upon the Mukallaf (the one who must adhere to this obligation) himself, which is who this obligation has be placed upon. Therefore, the person is obligated to disperse Zakaatul-Fitr for himself. The son is obligated to disperse Zakaatul-Fitr for himself. Just as every Mukallaf is obligated to disperse Zakaatul-Fitr for himself because he has been addressed with it.
However if the Rabbul-Usraah (head of the household) disperses Zakaatul-Fitr upon the scene on behalf of his family and his children, and if they agree that he will be the one to disperse for the Zakaah, then there is no sin in this.
Added in other narrations from Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree – ridhwaan Allahi alayhi -: Saa’an from Ta’aam (Food) or Saa’an from Aqit (Cottage Cheese) or Saa’an from Zabeeb (Raisons) or Saa’an from Daqeeq (Flour) or Saa’an from Sult (Rye). (Note: This narration is not sound, but the meaning and the ruling are correct). Allah knows best.
In Al-Bukhaaree – rahmatullahi alayhi waasi’an -: Ibn Umar used to give it to those who accepted it, and they would give it out a day or 2 days before Al-Fitr and As-Sunnah is that you give out (Zakaatul-Fitr) as Ta’aam (Food). (Note: Partitioning off what comes from Al-Ardh (The Earth) (by the command of Allah) of Qoot Ahlul-Balad (the regular food which is eaten by the people of that country) like Oorz (Rice) or similar to it).
In Al-Mulakhusul-Fiqhiyyu by The Noble Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan – hafidhahullahu ta’aalaa .
Chapter: Regarding Zakaatul-Fitr.
Ash-Shaykh says: As for giving out Al-Qeemah (the worth/value) of Zakaatul-Fitr, in that he pays substituting it (Zakaatul-Fitr) with money/cash. For this opposses As-Sunnah. Thus there is no dividing or allocating (Zakaatul-Fitr). Because it was not transmitted from An-Nabeey – salallahu alayhi wa sallam – and not from anyone from his Companions – ridhwaan Allahi alayhim – (that) gave out Al-Qeemah (the worth/value) in regards of Zakaatul-Fitr.
Imaam Ahmad – rahmatullahi alayhi waasi’an – said: Do not give out Al-Qeemah. It was said to him: Qaum (a group of people) say: Umar Ibn Abdil-Azeez used to take Al-Qeemah. He (Imaam Ahmad) said: they are challenging the statement of Allah’s Messenger – salallahu alayhi was sallam – and they said: So and So said. (Imaam Ahmad said): Ibn Umar has already said: Allah’s Messenger – salallahu alayhi wa sallam – obligated that Zakaatul-Fitr be Saa’an (4 mudds which is equal to 3 to 4 kilograms and Allah knows best)… Al-Hadeeth?!
Translated by: Aboo Abdir-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb
As-Siyaamu Junnah, by the esteemed and noble shaykh, Aboo Shehaab Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Al-Bannaa (may Allah preserve him upon good).
Chapter: In Regards to the Merits of Laylatul-Qadr and Searching for it in the Last Ten Nights.
Narrated by Emaam Ahmed (may Allah bestow His great and enormous mercy upon him): From him (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him) said: ((Whoever stood (in prayer) during Ramadhaan with Eemaan (firm belief)and Ihtisaab (contentment), he will be forgiven for what proceeded him of sins. And whoever stood (in prayer) during Laylatul-Qadr with Eemaan and Ihtisaab, he will be forgiven for what proceeded him of sins)).
Narrated by Emaam Ahmed: from Abee Bakrah that he heard Allah’s Messenger (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him) say: ((Search for it in Al-Asharaul-Awaakhir (the last ten) in Al-Witr (the odd) of it)). A narrator said: Aboo Bakrah used to pray in the first ten days of Ramadhaan like he would pray in the rest of the year; however when he enter in the last ten he would strive harder.
Also extracted by Ahmed: from Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), she said: Oh Prophet of Allah, if I was to meet Laylatul-Qadr, what do I say? He said: You say: ((Allhumma Innaka Affuwwun Tuhibbul-Afwa Fa’fu Anniyy)) . ((Oh Allah, Indeed You are The One Who Pardons, You love pardoning, so pardon me)).
Some added notes from our father, our shaykh, Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Al-Bannaa (may Allah preserve him and his family upon good).
Laylatul-Qadr is better that 83 years and 4 months and we are to search for it in 21, 23, 25, 27 and 29 nights of Ramadhaan. Allah’s Messenger (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him) would increase during these last ten nights in Ibaadah (Worship), in Adhkaar (Remembrances of Allah), in Du’aa’ (Supplicating to Allah) and in Qiraa’atul-Qur’aan (Reciting Al-Qur’aan).
Translated by: Al-Faqeer to my Lord, Aboo Abdir-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb.
As Salaamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh. May Allah have mercy upon me, you and all of the Muslims. Ameen.
(This happened some years back but I decided to share it).
I hope and pray that all is well with each and everyone of you. A some time ago I had the opportunity to have lunch with our father, our Shaykh, Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Marzouq Al-Bannaa, may Allah preserve him. His wife invited my wife and myself to eat with them and their family at their home. Maa Shaa Allah. When we arrived at the the home of the Shaykh (actually its his son’s home, but the Shaykh and his wife stay there, its easier for them), which is on the 5th floor, I thought about how he gets up and down these stairs. Mind you the Shaykh is 85 (88 now) years young, may Allah preserve him.
When we finally made it up the stairs and knocked on the door, the Shaykh opened the door and greeted us with a smile and kind welcoming words, the Shaykh hugged me and I kissed his forehead. My wife went to an area where his wife and daughter in-law were waiting for her. I went into another room with the Shaykh, who already had 2 visitors. Mind you that this was after Salaatul-Jumu’ah. I greeted the visitors and they returned their greetings. I sat on the side of the Shaykh and I never took my eyes off of him. I watched how he listened attentively to his guests and how he wouldnt interrupt them while they were speaking. He would quietly sit and wait until they were finished, before he would speak. I asked him some questions about becoming a man in Islaam and being a better husband to my wife. He encouraged me to read the Qur’aan and to read about the life of the Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessing be upon him. He told me to read Saheehul-Bukhaaree, often.
When it was time to eat. I watched this 85 (88 now) year old “inheritor of the Prophet(s)”, serve his guests with the vigor and energy of a young man. I watched him bring in trays of food from his wife and refuse anyones help. All the while his lips never stopped praising Allah. I noticed that whenever the Shaykh was silent in speech, his lips would be moving in the remembrance of Allah. Glorifying Him, Praising Him, Extolling Him, Honoring Him. He was always reminding himself of his Lord. I watched all of this.
I watched how he didnt touch his food until after we began to eat. I watched as he would feed his two small grand-daughters, with his hands. He would always remember to put food in their mouths when he would feed himself. I watched how he would pick up any morsel of food which fell to the floor and eat it. When the guest finished eating, I was still working. So the Shaykh took the food and put it in-front of me and told me to eat. I didnt disappoint him (how could I, he’s a Shaykh. I gotta listen). When I finally finished, he took my plates and ate whatever was left within them. I watched him cleaning the plates with his fingers and licking his fingers after that (I thought of a brother named
Abdur-Rahmaan Yoosuf after seeing this, knowing that I learned of this sunnah from him during one Ramadhaan night back in Kentucky, in the basement of the 4th. Street Masjid. May Allah reward him with good and greet him). I watched him not leave any food for the shaytawn. I watched him wipe his grand-daughters hands with the peel/skin of an orange. He told me that the acid in the skin would kill germs on their hands, Allah knows best. He said you can do this if no water is present. Just a little tip. Maa Shaa Allah.
When the call of prayer was heard, I watched how the Shaykh prepared himself to go to the masjid. He didnt sit around like we do, and continue to talk or waste time. He made it clear that we are leaving now, and are heading for masjid. The Mother of the Believers, Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her said, “when the Messenger heard the Adhaan, he leave from whatever he was doing with us, as if he didnt know us and prepare himself to go to the masjid for prayer”. We Gloryfied Allah as we made our way down the five flights of stairs. I held the Shaykh’s hand going to the masjid, as well as when we returned. Upon returning, I was taught a lesson in patience. Now as I told you the Shaykh is 85 (88 now) years young and he lives on the 5th floor. We all walked behind the Shaykh as we walked up each stair, one at a time. Al-Hamdulillah. The Shaykh told me that he has had this apartment for at least 60 years. He said, when he was a young man, he would run up the stairs, after saying that we both laughed.
Back in the house, I watched the Shaykh continue to be in the service of his family. Never complaining like we do. When the guests had left. I felt like the Shaykh was tired and I told him that my wife and I were leaving. The Shaykh’s wife wanted us to stay longer. But he looked like he needed rest and I didnt want to oppress him (plus I want to return). The Shaykh said, may Allah bless me for this. Ameen. Upon leaving I gave the Shaykh a gift we had purchased for him, my wife presented his wife with a gift as well. The Shaykh once again hugged me and I kissed his forehead again.
Then the Shaykh reminded me of somethig I had told him, over 3 1/2 (almost 8 years now) years ago. I told him that I had a dream that I visited a shaykh in his home and I ate with him. I didnt know who he was, but I knew that he was a shaykh, Allah knows best. The Shaykh reminded me that I told him this over 3 1/2 (almost 8 years now) years ago. Then he tells me, see Abdur-Raqeeb, dreams do come true. Dont disbelieve in dreams. That was the end of my visit. I called the Shaykh a few days ago, and he was sick with a minor, small cold. So make du’aa that Allah cures him and returns him to a better condition. May Allah preserve him and greet him and us all. Ameen.
Aboo Abdur-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb
I love each and eveyone of you in the path of Allah.
Ramadhaan Advice from Shaykh Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Al-Bannaa (May Allah preserve him and his family upon good).
Question: What advice do you have for our fasting brothers in America? Advice in regards to the drawing closer to Allah during this blessed month.
Answer: This is Shahrul-Qur’aan (the month of Al-Qur’aan). This is Shahrul-Qur’aan. Read Al-Qur’aan in abundance. Indulge in reading Al-Qur’aan. This is Shahrul-Ibaadah (the month of worship) and Shahrul-Qiyaamah (the month of standing in prayer). Increase in worship; in obedience to Allah. Increase in standing in prayer. Increase in prayer. Pray the night prayer with the jamaa’ah if you are able to, or pray in your homes and it is not a problem if you hold the Mushaf (copy of Al-Quraan) in your hands while you pray.
Read Al-Qur’aan with understanding and reflection. But if one cannot understand it, still read it. Increase during this month in reading Al-Qur’aan. Shahul-Qur’aan.
Translated by: Aboo Abdir-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb
Jaabir (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated, that the Prophet (Allah’s peace and blessing upon him) said, ((Our Lord, the Mighty and Majestic said: As-Siyaamu Junnah, it protects by it the servant from hell fire.))
As-Sawmu Junnah (The Fast is Protection), this statement has been affirmed to the Prophet (Allah’s peace and blessing upon him), from many directions. Taken from “As-Saheehayn”, Saheeh Al-Bukhaariyy and Saheeh Muslim (May Allah bestow His enormous mercy upon them both), from a Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him)said, as well as being taken from Emaam Ahmad (May Allah bestow His great mercy upon him) with an addition, that ((As-Siyaamu Junnah, and it fortifies by making one impervious to hell fire.))
Taken from the Hadeeth of Uthmaan Ibn Abiyy Al-‘Aas (May Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him) said, ((As-Sawmu Junnah from hell fire, just as a shield is for one of you in battle.))
Compiled and translated by: Aboo Abdir-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb